Current Situation: Held in solitary confinement since 5 May 2016
Malek Adly, or “Abo Bahyia” as his friends like to call him, is a young lawyer and human rights activist. He provided legal support for several political activists and demonstrators, as well as a number of professional unions and labor leaders, and the families of January 25 Revolution martyrs and wounded, in addition to those who were arrested in different incidents related to the revolution, as well as victims of military trials for civilians and torture victims.
On 5 May 2016, an arrest warrant was issued against Malek after he called upon Egyptian citizens to register powers of attorney to him to file a lawsuit against the delimitation agreement of maritime borders between Egypt and Saudi Arabia, upon which Egyptian sovereignty over its two islands “Tiran and Sinafir” is handed over to Saudi Arabia. As a result, the Public Prosecution issued an arrest warrant against him for allegedly “propagating false news”. THereafter, Malek was arrested by individuals dressed in plain clothes. He was beaten, threatened with a firearm and detained inside an unplated private vehicle with tinted windows. He was held incommunicado at an unknown place where he was interrogated about the lawsuit he filed with respect to “Tiran and Sinafir” islands.
In an attempt to defame and crackdown on Malek Adly, he was charged with “intoxication” at the fact that this accusation was leaked to some media outlets before the end of the interrogation. Malek has been held in a solitary cell, and his family members are prevented from visiting him or sending him food or clothing.
Malek Adly pleaded in many key cases, including his defense for protesters in front of the Council of Ministers in December 2011, in what is known as the” Cabinet Incidents” case, and for protesters in front the Presidential Palace in December 2012- in the case publicly known as “Ittihadiyya Clashes”.
The rights lawyer also stood against the “confiscation of the Qorsaya Island people’s lands”, and called for “revealing the conditions of the World Bank loan” and “opening a social dialogue about the public budget before its approval” in addition to “protecting the Egyptian heritage and antiquities from stealing, looting and negligence”.
Adly obtained several key rulings for punishing those involved in torture crimes and protecting refugees, and for compelling the state to guarantee all moral and material rights of several of those martyred and injured in the 25 January Revolution.
Regarding his most recent lawsuits, Malek represented one of the martyrs of the revolution before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. On the other hand, he provided legal support for a number of “non-commissioned policemen” who demanded the enhancement of their working conditions and the reform of the Ministry of Interior. He also filed a lawsuit against the abusive measures practiced by State Security Prosecution over lawyers, hindering them from doing their work.
It’s worth mentioning that Malek Adly was born in Qalyubeyya governorate. He obtained a Bachelor of Law and was enrolled in post-graduate studies at Cairo University. He then worked as a lawyer until co-founding the Front of Defense for Egyptian Protesters, established in conjunction with the calls for the 6th of April general strike in Mahalla in 2008. The Front has been providing legal support for protesters ever since.
Afterwards, Malek joined Hisham Mubarak Law Center where he defended the rights of workers, torture victims, refugees and freedom of expression. He then moved to work at the ECESR where he founded and directed the Criminal Justice Unit, which has been providing legal support for thousands of Egyptian citizens in cases related to freedoms and civil, political, and cultural rights. At that time, Adly worked as a legal advisor for several local and international human right organizations, in addition to providing legal support for a number of independent and professional unions and syndicates.
Adly provided training in manifold topics related to human rights, and has many booklets and articles that are published locally and internationally. He also participated in the preparation of several legal, legislative and human rights papers.